April Birthstone – The Brilliant Diamond
They say that, "April showers bring May flowers." That may be true, but neither showers nor flowers have anything on the April birthstone – the brilliant diamond.
The April birthstone is the always popular diamond. There are so many things we could say about the diamond birthstone. Strong and appealing, diamonds are, by far, the most popular gemstone. Traditionally, the April birthstone also celebrates a multitude of events including engagement, weddings, anniversaries, holidays, birthdays and everything in between.
In addition to being April's birthstone, the diamond gemstone signifies the 60th and 75th wedding anniversaries. If you're looking for the perfect gift, you can be sure your special someone will love, cherish and appreciate the gift of diamonds.
Why is Diamond the April Birthstone?
The diamond holds significant meaning for those born in April. The April birthstone is a symbol of unbreakable strength and has a reputation for providing harmony in relationships. That could be why it’s the traditional stone for engagement rings!
History suggests that the diamond birthstone brings benefits such as balance and clarity. Perhaps this explains the diamond birthstone's celebrated ubiquity. Everywhere from the red carpet to social media, fashion influencers, magazines, television, movies and more, seems to treasure the diamond birthstone. The April birthstone is a jewellery staple and is a classic look that pairs seamlessly with any attire.
History of the Diamond Birthstone
Did you know that even the youngest diamond is still over a billion years old?Scientists estimate that most of the world’s diamonds were formed more than a billion years ago deep within the earth's mantle.
It is believed that diamonds were discovered in India sometime before 400 BC. But it wasn't until the first century AD that a notable figure recognized the value of diamond birthstones. At that time, the Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder exclaimed, "a diamond is the most valuable, not only of precious stones, but of all things in this world." Clearly, Pliny was ahead of his time.
When Eastern merchants began trading the diamond birthstone, Europe's elite began decorating their accessories with what would eventually become the April birthstone. By the 1400s, and the start of the Renaissance, most of Europe's elite were wearing diamonds daily.
Historically, the April birthstone was also a symbol of purity. They were, and continue to be, a symbol of royalty, adorning the crowns and jewels of former and current royals. Most notably, the diamond birthstone is a symbol of everlasting love. That's why the April birthstone is the feature of engagement rings, wedding bands, and other wedding jewelry.
There’s More to a Diamond Birthstone Than Sparkle
Did you know that the diamond birthstone is the hardest known substance, on earth? In fact, a diamond is so hard, that the only thing that can scratch its surface is another diamond.
The April birthstone also has the highest melting point of any substance. A diamond birthstone begins to melt only when heated to a temperature of 7,362 degrees Fahrenheit, or 4,090 degrees Celsius. That’s hot. Literally.
April's birthstone is also the only gemstone composed of a single element – carbon. For this reason, jewelers use the universal language of the diamond "4 C's" to characterize a diamond and determine its value. These "4 C's" are colour, cut, clarity and carat.
Colour: The April birthstone’s colour can range from clear to yellow to brown and is graded as such. The diamond birthstone colour scale starts with a D grade as an absolutely colourless diamond and goes all the way up to Z which contains the most yellow/brown color. In this case, the lower in the alphabet the letter, the better the colour ranking.
Clarity: Clarity looks at the number, size, and position of any inclusions or blemishes on the diamond birthstone. The fewer inclusions or blemishes a diamond contains, the higher its value will be.
Cut: An April birthstone's cut is a measure of how its facets interact with light. This includes the actual shape or "cut" of the finished diamond such as princess-cut, cushion-cut, and round-cut.
Carat: Lastly, a diamond's carat size is its weight. Generally, the bigger the diamond birthstone, the higher its price.
Throughout history there have been many famous diamonds.
One of the world’s most famous diamonds is the Koh-I-Noor or “Mountain of Light” diamond. It was first mentioned in 1304. The diamond originally weighed 186 carats and was cut in an oval shape. It is a member of the British Crown jewels and now weighs only 109 carats. One can see the diamond on display in the Jewel House at the Tower of London.
The Regent diamond was discovered in 1701 by an Indian slave. It weighed 410 carats in the rough. After the French Revolution, it was owned by Napoleon Bonaparte who had it set in the hilt of his sword. It is now on display in the Louvre in Paris.
Another famous diamonds is the Hope Diamond. This fancy blue-grey coloured diamond is relatively small in size, weighing only 45.55 carats. The Hope diamond is most famous for supposedly carrying a curse with it – although history suggests that the “curse” was due to agents trying to rouse interest in the stone. Noted diamond merchant Harry Winston gifted the diamond to the National Museum of Natural History, where it has remained on permanent exhibit since 1958.
Care of the April Birthstone
April’s birthstone diamond is the hardest substance on earth and they resist scratching far better than other birthstones. However, we recommend following what we consider the 5th C – Care of your diamond.
The best way to clean your diamond birthstone at home is with warm water, mild grease-cutting detergent and a soft brush. Gently polish your diamond with a brush for a few minutes to remove any dirt or grease and dry with a clean, soft cloth. Your April birthstone should shine even more brilliantly after a nice cleaning with this method. Of course, you can always take your diamond to your local Peoples Jewellers store for a professional cleaning anytime!
Shop for Diamond Jewellery at Peoples
Lucky April – your birthstone is the fabulous diamond! A stone unlike any other, the diamond birthstone is perfect for celebrating this significant annual event – or any other!
Visit your local Peoples Jewellers retail store to shop diamond jewellery or visit online to find a beautiful array of diamond gemstone jewellery online. You can count on Peoples for both traditional and contemporary styles of diamond jewellery that celebrates life, love and of course, an April birthday.